Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the answer to each of the question.
The concept of traffic-free shopping areas goes back a long time. During the Middle Ages, traffic- free shopping areas known as souks were built in Middle Eastern countries to allow people to shop in comfort and safety. As far back as 2,000 years ago, road traffic was banned from central Rome during the day to allow for the free movement of pedestrians, and was only allowed in at night when shops and markets had closed for the day.
The modern, traffic-free shopping street was born in Europe in the 1960s, when both city populations and car ownership increased rapidly. Dirty exhaust fumes from cars and the risks involved in crossing the road were beginning to make shopping an unpleasant and dangerous experience. Many believed the time was right for experimenting with car-free streets, and shopping areas seemed the best place to start.
At first, there was resistance from shopkeepers. They believed that such a move would be bad for business. They argued that people would avoid streets if they were unable to get to them in their cars. When the first streets in Europe were closed to traffic, there were even noisy demonstrations as many shopkeepers predicted they would lose customers.
However, research carried out afterwards in several European cities revealed some unexpected statistics. In Munich, Cologne and Hamburg, visitors to shopping areas increased by 50 percent. On Copenhagen’s main shopping street, shopkeepers reported sales increases of 25-40 percent. Shopkeepers in Minneapolis, USA, were so impressed when they learnt this that they even offered to pay for the construction and maintenance costs of their own traffic-free streets.
With the arrival of the traffic–free shopping street, many shops, especially those selling things like clothes, food and smaller luxury items, prospered. Unfortunately, it wasn’t good news for everyone, as shops selling furniture and larger electrical appliances actually saw their sales drops. Many of these were forced to move elsewhere, away from the city centre. Today they are a common feature on the outskirts of towns and cities, often situated in out- of-town retail zones with their own car parks and other local facilities.
What can be the best tittle of the passage?
How traffic-free shopping streets developed
How towns and cities are planned and built
Removing cars and other vehicles from streets in towns and cities
The difference between towns and cities now, and towns and cities in the past
Lời giải tham khảo:
Hãy chọn trả lời đúng trước khi xem đáp án và lời giải bên dưới.
Đề thi thử TN THPT QG năm 2021 môn ANH
Đáp án đúng: A
Đáp án: A
Kiến thức : Đọc hiểu
Giải thích: Tiêu đề tốt nhất của đoạn văn có thể là gì?
Các đáp án:
A. How traffic-free shopping streets developed: Các phố mua sắm không xe cộ phát triển như thế nào.
B. How towns and cities are planned and built: Các thị trấn và thành phố được lập kế hoạch và xây dựng như thế nào.
C. Removing cars and other vehicles from streets in towns and cities: Loại bỏ ô tô và các phương tiện xe cộ trên đường phố ở các thị trấn và thành phố.
D. The difference between towns and cities now, and towns and cities in the past: sự khác nhau giữ thị trấn và thành phố bây giờ và trong quá khứ
Tất cả các đoạn văn trong bài đều nói về các đường phố không có phương tiện giao thông, sự phát triển của chúng – nên chọn đáp án A.
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